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He personally ceded most of his responsibilities to a democratically elected municipal duma and focused on both cultural and economical recovery of the war-impoverished city.He also put an end to censorship of press and allowed for creation of several socialist associations and newspapers.Several years later, the veche promulgated a law code (called the Pskov Charter), which was one of the principal sources of the all-Russian law code issued in 1497.For Russia, the Pskov Republic was a bridge towards Europe; for Europe, it was a western outpost of Russia.It was at a railroad siding in Pskov, aboard the imperial train, that Tsar Nicholas II signed the manifesto announcing his abdication in March 1917, and after the Russo-German Brest-Litovsk Peace Conference (December 22, 1917 – March 3, 1918), the Imperial German Army invaded the area.Pskov was also occupied by the Estonian army between and 28 August 1919 during the Estonian War of Independence when Bułak-Bałachowicz became the military administrator of Pskov.The importance of the city made it the subject of numerous sieges throughout its history.The Pskov Krom (or Kremlin) withstood twenty-six sieges in the 15th century alone.
Even after one of the city walls was broken, the Pskovians managed to fill the gap and repel the attack.
The cathedral contains the tombs of saint princes Vsevolod (died in 1138) and Dovmont (died in 1299).
Other ancient cathedrals adorn the Mirozhsky Monastery (completed by 1152), famous for its 12th-century frescoes, St.
In order to secure their independence from the knights, the Pskovians elected a Lithuanian prince, named Daumantas, a Roman Catholic converted to Orthodox faith and known in Russia as Dovmont, as their military leader and prince in 1266.
Having fortified the town, Daumantas routed the Teutonic Knights at Rakvere and overran much of Estonia.